Including illustrations, tables and references, original contributions should not exceed 15 manuscript pages or 18,000 characters. Short communications are limited to  5  manuscript pages or 7,500 characters.


SI-units should be used wherever possible. If other units and non-standard abbreviations cannot be avoided, they should be defined at first mention.


The abstract should be clear, descriptive and not longer than 250 words written either in English or Bahasa Melayu. It should provide a very brief introduction to the subject and scope of the paper. This should generally be followed by a brief summary of results, including any important numerical data. The abstract should end with an indication of the significance of the results. 


Please include relevant keywords in the manuscript. Keywords should not be the same as the word appears in the title.


Each table should have a brief self-explanatory title and numbered accordingly. Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses. Any explanation essential to the understanding of the table should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table.


Figures should be placed and typewritten in the text. Figures should be numbered consecutively according to their sequence in the text. Reference should be made in the text to each figure. Each figure should have a caption and the captions to all illustrations should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript. 


Special issues are papers from symposiums/conferences.  10-20 selected papers can be accommodated in one issue. Papers should not exceed 10-15 printed pages.

Procedure for Special Issues in JBSD is as follows:

•   The Guest Editor from the Seminar/Symposium is the Chair of the Scientific Committee of the Seminar/Symposium. The Guest Editor and the Guest Editorial Board are responsible for collecting the papers (should adhere to JBSD format). The Board shall also be responsible for identifying 2 reviewers for each paper, and in completing the blind peer-review process.

•   When the reviews are received, the Editorial Members of JBSD are responsible for the final approval of the papers for publication in the special issue.

•   UMT Publisher may not cover the cost of printing for the Special Issues. The Board/Committee is responsible for every cost needed.


References should appear in a separate Reference section at the end of the manuscript using the APA system. All publications cited in the text should be presented in the Reference section. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of the author’s names and the dates of publication are exactly the same in the text as in the reference list. References cited together in the text should be arranged chronologically. The list of references should not exceed 25 for the regular article and should be arranged alphabetically by authors’ names.